#Whatsfittrending: Vegan Pregnancy

“You’re doing something harmful.” “You’re not getting enough {insert nutrient here}.” “You should eat {insert animal product}.” “Pregnant women should drink cow’s milk.”

Individuals lacking medical credentials have a lot of opinions in general, but some people find misdirected  importance in telling a pregnant woman what she should and should not put in (or on) her body. Nutrition offers unnavigable waters at times as it is, so where do the some people find the nerve to offer their unsolicited advice? Their hearts might be in the right place: we all want to see a child thrive; but the truth is, there are many ways to have a pregnancy that’s healthy for you and your baby, on your terms. As always, seek medical advice from a board certified professional.

There are scads of articles, links and entire magazines dedicated to “traditional” pregnancy diets and fitness. There are even quite a few discussing vegetarian or pescatarian diets, as many women throughout the world eat less meat than Americans, although we are fifth on the list of beef consumption.[1] In today’s post I wanted to address vegan and limited-animal-product prenatal diets.

Let’s try this premise on for size: You don’t need specific foods: you need nutrients.

What nutrients are specifically recommended?

MayoClinic recommendations: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy-nutrition/art-20045082

Pregnancy-Plate

http://www.ohsu.edu/blogs/doernbecher/2013/04/25/my-pregnancy-plate-a-blueprint-for-healthy-eating-during-pregnancy/

Emerging roles for folate and related B vitamins in brain health across the lifecycle

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9527745&fileId=S0029665114001554

RDA’s for Perinatology: http://perinatology.com/Reference/RDApregnancy.htm

On the B12 conversation:

The Role of utrition in children’s neurocognitive development, from pregnancy through childhood: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3607807/

Vegan Pregnancy Blogs & Websites:

http://www.ashleysgreenlife.com/2013/10/my-vegan-pregnancy-diet.html

http://www.whattoexpect.com/pregnancy/eating-well/week-18/vegetarian.aspx

http://www.midwiferytoday.com/articles/veganpregnancydiet.asp

http://www.peta.org/blog/morning-sickness-yes-going-vegan-can-even-help/

http://www.babycenter.com/406_is-it-safe-to-eat-a-vegan-diet-during-pregnancy_1245289.bc

http://happyherbivore.com/2012/03/plant-based-vegan-pregnancy/

Cognitive Development/IQ/prenatal diet correlative studies:

This article provides excellent resources and advice on what to eat to ensure a healthy diet and thus a healthy baby:

http://www.parents.com/pregnancy/my-baby/smart-baby-brain-power-tips/

Pregnancy superpower (Spoiler alert: it’s omega 3):

https://au.lifestyle.yahoo.com/practical-parenting/pregnancy/a/12565846/the-pregnancy-superfood-that-will-make-your-baby-smarter/

Vegan Pregnancy Books:

http://www.amazon.com/The-Everything-Vegan-Pregnancy-Book/dp/144052551X

https://books.google.com/books?id=tq3fXwAACAAJ&dq=vegan+pregnancy&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IFgVVdC0HcbhoAS6_YKADg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ

https://books.google.com/books?id=XcdZoalcizkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=vegan+pregnancy&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IFgVVdC0HcbhoAS6_YKADg&ved=0CEEQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=vegan%20pregnancy&f=false

Some questions have been raised regarding soy safety, certainly during pregnancy but also thereafter in terms of an appropriate and balanced diet for a growing child. There are soy-based formulas and soy butters marketed as alternatives to nut butters given the incidence in nut allergies. Below are some additional links regarding soy research and its proposed risk/benefit beginning with those trying to conceive through diets for children.

TTC Stage:

Soy food intake and treatment outcomes of women undergoing assisted reproductive technology

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0015028214025291

Pregnancy Stage:

Mayo Clinic:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/soy/safety/hrb-20060012

http://www.fitpregnancy.com/nutrition/prenatal-nutrition/soy-safety

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1549-8719.2011.00088.x/full

Soy for Children

Being a soy boy won’t make you a girlie man

http://wellnessplus.net/?p=1723

The unending IQ debate:

http://www.veganmainstream.com/2013/03/08/are-vegan-children-smarter/


[1] http://beef2live.com/story-world-beef-consumption-per-capita-ranking-countries-0-111634

#Whatsfittrending: Yoga and Pilates as Disordered Eating Therapies

I thought I was onto something with this search: as it happens I stand shielding my eyes, peering at others off in the sunny distance. The quest took some curious lists about its course: while extant research purports the value of yoga and Pilates in the treatment of disordered eating patterns, there is also evidence suggesting participants of yoga and/or Pilates are perhaps more likely to have an eating disorder.

As part of a sidebar segment to #Whatsfittrending, I will find resources to balance positive therapies and approaches when working with someone identified as having or whom you suspect has an eating disorder [1]. Below are some links addressing yoga/Pilates/eating disorders, the first of which is a list of peer-reviewed journals regarding the use of yoga in the treatment of eating disorders.

Peer Reviewed Research on Yoga and Eating Disorder Recovery

http://innerdoorcenter.com/index.php/resources/64-sample-data-articles/joomla/extensions/modules/articles-modules/90-peer-reviewed-research-on-yoga-and-eating-disorder-recovery

Yoga and eating disorders: is there a place for yoga in the prevention and treatment of eating disorders and disordered eating behaviours?

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21662630.2013.862369#.VRP4EI7g9AM

The Use of Yoga in Eating Disorder Treatment

http://sophia.stkate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1363&context=msw_papers

The Truth About Yoga and Eating Disorders

http://www.yogajournal.com/article/eating-disorders/truth-yoga-eating-disorders/

Putting It All Together: An Integrative Approach to Psychotherapy with Eating Disorders

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15228878.2013.865245#.VRP5mI7g9AM

INFLUENCE OF YOGA ON BODY IMAGE SATISFACTION IN MEN

http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/27.50.PMS.119c17z1

[1] Eating Disorders (ED) range widely. Although we might most commonly assume that a person with an eating disorder has nervosas such as Anorexia or Bulemia, there are many other disordered eating patterns residing in the ED category – this might include individuals who are obese. Please find more here: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders-new-trifold/index.shtml

Favorite Sites & Where I find Content on the Web

I love social media: it’s irrevocably enmeshed in our daily processes and many of us have web routines we follow to stay connected. Here are my favorites!

Each morning, I access the following in this order:
E-mail
LinkedIn
Twitter
Facebook
Pinterest

I check these throughout the day as well.

Then, I see what’s going on outside my circles:
NY Times
Washington Post
The Atlantic

If I’m working on a specific research project, I mostly consult these guys:
Google Scholar
PubMed/NCBI
Web of Knowledge

In my down time, these are my current favorite blogs:
Cupcakes & Cashmere
Blogilates
Ohsheglows

…And I look here for makeup, nutrition and workout uploads:
Makeup Geek
Jaclyn Hill
Beeisforbeauty
Blogilates
Chrisspy
BeFit
FitnessBlender
TheRawAdvantage

A Review of Chiropractics

Throughout my tenure as a Sports Nutrition Specialist, Personal Trainer, Writer and Research Assistant I have never concealed my individual interest in Chiropractic principles. While arguments against the practice might label it “witchcraft” and some medical professionals still refuse to consider Chiropractics medicine, even an alternative medicine, my opinion is that research behind some principles are legitimate, owning notable research weight. My literature review of Chiropractics and Running can be found here: ChiropracticsRunning.LitRev14

Any opinion will invite opposing forces; thus, discussion is imperative and fact-finding is encouraged. Some will dissect each of the principles below with specific reference to its strength or idiocy; some will merely object; some will blindly follow. In any health pursuit, I will always advise a full review of the diagnoses, treatments and studies performed. Follow up with your credentialed health-care provider on any concerns you have.

What are the Chiropractic Principles?

The 33 Chiropractic Principles

Ralph W. Stephenson, DC published a book in 1927 called

simply, “Chiropractic Textbook”. In it, he presented the core

principles of chiropractic.
1. The Major Premise – A Universal Intelligence is in all matter and continually gives to it all its properties and actions,     thus maintaining it in existence.

  1. The Chiropractic Meaning of Life – The expression of this intelligence through matter is the Chiropractic meaning of life.
  2. The Union of Intelligence and Matter – Life is necessarily the union of intelligence and matter.
  3. The Triune of Life – Life is a triunity having three necessary united factors, namely: Intelligence, Force and Matter.
  4. The Perfection of the Triune – In order to have 100% Life, there must be 100% Intelligence, 100% Force, 100% Matter.
  5. The Principle of Time – There is no process that does not require time.
  6. The Amount of Intelligence in Matter – The amount of intelligence for any given amount of matter is 100%, and is always proportional to its requirements.
  7. The Function of Intelligence – The function of intelligence is to create force.
  8. The Amount of Force Created by Intelligence – The amount of force created by intelligence is always 100%.
  9. The Function of Force – The function of force is to unite intelligence and matter.
  10. The Character of Universal Forces – The forces of Universal Intelligence are manifested by physical laws; are unswerving and unadapted, and have no solicitude for the structures in which they work.
  11. Interference with Transmission of Universal Forces – There can be interference with transmission of universal forces.
  12. The Function of Matter – The function of matter is to express force.
  13. Universal Life – Force is manifested by motion in matter; all matter has motion, therefore there is universal life in all matter.
  14. No Motion without the Effort of Force – Matter can have no motion without the application of force by intelligence.
  15. Intelligence in both Organic and Inorganic Matter – Universal Intelligence gives force to both organic and inorganic matter.
  16. Cause and Effect – Every effect has a cause and every cause has effects.
  17. Evidence of Life – The signs of life are evidence of the intelligence of life.
  18. Organic Matter – The material of the body of a “living thing” is organized matter.
  19. Innate Intelligence – A “living thing” has an inborn intelligence within its body, called Innate Intelligence.
  20. The Mission of Innate Intelligence – The mission of Innate Intelligence is to maintain the material of the body of a “living thing” in active organization.
  21. The Amount of Innate intelligence – There is 100% of Innate Intelligence in every “living thing,” the requisite amount, proportional to its organization.
  22. The Function of Innate Intelligence – The function of Innate Intelligence is to adapt universal forces and matter for use in the body, so that all parts of the body will have co-ordinated action for mutual benefit.
  23. The Limits of Adaptation – Innate Intelligence adapts forces and matter for the body as long as it can do so without breaking a universal law, or Innate Intelligence is limited by the limitations of matter.
  24. The Character of Innate Forces – The forces of Innate Intelligence never injure or destroy the structures in which they work.
  25. Comparison of Universal and Innate Forces – In order to carry on the universal cycle of life, Universal forces are destructive, and Innate forces constructive, as regards structural matter.
  26. The Normality of Innate Intelligence – Innate Intelligence is always normal and its function is always normal.
  27. The Conductors of Innate Forces – The forces of Innate Intelligence operate through or over the nerve system in animal bodies.
  28. Interference with Transmission of Innate Forces – There can be interference with the transmission of Innate forces.
  29. The Causes of Dis-ease – Interference with the transmission of Innate forces causes incoordination or dis-ease.
  30. Subluxations – Interference with transmission in the body is always directly or indirectly due to subluxations in the spinal column.
  31. The Principle of Coordination – Coordination is the principle of harmonious action of all the parts of an organism, in fulfilling their offices and purposes.
  32. The Law of Demand and Supply – The Law of Demand and Supply is existent in the body in its ideal state; wherein the “clearing house,” is the brain, Innate the virtuous “banker,” brain cells “clerks,” and nerve cells “messengers.”

What research supports chiropractic principles as beneficial?

Studies with “inconclusive results”

Arguments against Chiropractics:

The Future of Chiropractics:

Individuals with Medical Fragility and Movement Therapy

A brief dalliance with over-commitment left me creatively starved and absent, once more, from this blog. A worthy post proves suitable re-entry: one close to my heart and rife with potential – potential research, potential practice, potential benefits.

Movement therapy has earned its stripes as a valuable asset to myriad treatment plans. Specifically, I sought to determine some best practices, methods, approaches and all around treasures within its implications for working with individuals with medical fragility. Below are some useful sites, definitions and further investigative measures to cultivate the practice and generalize the principles across populations with varying physical and cognitive abilities.

AFT: The medically fragile child (2009): http://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/medicallyfragilechild_2009.pdf

Define medical fragility:
A medically fragile child is one who, because of an accident, illness, congenital disorder, abuse or neglect, has been left in a stable condition, but is dependent on life sustaining medications, treatments, or equipment, and has need for assistance with activities of daily living.
• What are some common diagnoses and features of an individual who is medically fragile?

– Have chronic health care conditions such as diabetes, traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy (CP);
– Be a transplant recipient and require special health care support, such as tube feedings, oxygen therapy, suctioning, tracheostomy care, or a ventilator;
– Have limited mobility and require special health care support due to paralysis or chronic disease.
http://www.dreamhouseforkids.org/What-is-Medically-Fragile.48.0.html
Define Movement Therapy
Based on the empirically supported premise that the body, mind and spirit are interconnected, the American Dance Therapy Association defines dance/movement therapy as the psychotherapeutic use of movement to further the emotional, cognitive, physical and social integration of the individual.
Dance/movement therapy is:
-Focused on movement behavior as it emerges in the therapeutic relationship. Expressive, communicative, and adaptive behaviors are all considered for group and individual treatment. Body movement, as the core component of dance, simultaneously provides the means of assessment and the mode of intervention for dance/movement therapy.
– Is practiced in mental health, rehabilitation, medical, educational and forensic settings, and in nursing homes, day care centers, disease prevention, health promotion programs and in private practice.
-Is effective for individuals with developmental, medical, social, physical and psychological impairments.
– Is used with people of all ages, races and ethnic backgrounds in individual, couples, family and group therapy formats.
http://www.adta.org/about_dmt

How does movement therapy work for individuals with medical fragility?
UCLA (p. 7 of 12) : https://www.uclahealth.org/mattel/Documents/childlife/Mattel-UCLA-ChildLifeBrochureENG.pdf

Cross-reference of diagnoses and therapies: medfrag_therapy